Shin Splints, Anterior Shin Splints, Posterior Shin Splints,
Lower leg pain can be caused by shin splints, there are two types:
In some cases the pain is due to small tears in the leg muscles at their
point of attachment to the bone. Most cases are due to excessive
pronation (where the foot "spreads" to the floor) and contribute to
situations where there are small tears in the muscle. In all cases of pronation
the muscles "track"
improperly, due to the action of the leg as it rotates slightly inward
(although "excessive" in pronation) in the shock absorption phase of pronation,
the muscle is twisted and pulled repetitively and therefore either "tears"
from the bone or "glides" inefficiently in its Saran Wrap like covering
called "fascia" and builds inflammation and tension greater than the body
can control, ultimately causing pain. A very few cases are due to
an underdevelopment of the anterior tibial muscles when used in downhill
Anterior shin splints occur in the front portion of the shin bone (tibia)
Posterior shin splints occur on the inside (medial) part of the leg (tibia)
Pain can begin as a dull aching sensation. Small bumps along either
side of the shin bone may be felt.
For the short term one can:
Ice afterwards [do not apply ice directly]
Aspirin or Ibuprofen
Strengthen the anterior tibial muscles by (dorsiflexing) pulling
the big toe and forepart of the foot up towards your nose against resistance
(ensnare your foot in a towel tied by string/rope tied down to a dead weight
For the long term:
- Continue weight training
- Silicone Dynamic
Orthotics: by minimizing overpronation allows for more
efficient tracking of tendons and muscles.